taying as a guest at "Albertina"
you can feel atmosphere
of respect to history of the region, integral part of which
is the history of Albertus-university.
On the first floor
in the hall of the hotel and in chimney hall your could
find the attractive portrait's gallery of the wellknown
scientists, professors of university, its founder duck Albreht
and first rector Georg Sabinus. On the second
floor in the hall it is possible to observe a breadboard
model of building of the old university on the island Knaiphof,
constructed in 1542 - 1544 financed by 3 cities Knaiphof,
Altshtadt and Lebenicht, and also relief image of a new building
on Paradenplatz (arch. À. Shtuller, 1844). The walls of hotel are decorated with original picturesque panels
uncovering historical themes of the Albertin's hotel, embossed
moments from student's life. The pictures and images of Koenigsberg
recreate a unique image of ancient city.
It's just a few sporadic
fragments of exciting centuries-old history of Koenigsberg's university.
A few historical facts...
Under influence of ideas of Reformation Order of crusaders was dismissed
in Prussia in 1525, and on the conquered land last Grand Master of the
Order - Albrecht Gogentzollern has founded temporal dukedom with capital in Koenigsberg.
Official religion of the new state had to become Lutheranism.In order
to replace Catholic traditions Lutheranian preachers and school teachers
were needed. Duck Albrecht also required government officials, diplomats,
doctors. For these purposes he founded an university in Koenigsberg in
1544 (August 17th), which became the second oldest (after university
in Frankfurt-on-Oder) the academic establishment of Prussia and Brandenburg.
It was Koenigsberg's university, which had become that spiritual centre,
which attracted yongsters not only germans, but also people from Poland,
Lithuania and Russia.At the time of the first rector, Georg Sabinus,
the university was called "Collegium Albertinum" which had 4 faculties:
Theological, law, medical, philosophical. Two subsequently new disciplines
were added: natural-science and agriculture. Structure of faculties
included institutes, seminars, faculty, clinic etc. The libraries, sports
structures, hostels, some institutes were universal divisions. All together
university had more than 40 buildings in allocated in different areas of city.
Among them about 25 exists nowadays, as a rule, to a more or less reconstructed.
It is impossible to present a history of global science and culture without
inclusion of such names of the great people, which became a pride and glory
of Koenigsberg's university they were Immanuel Kant, Iogann GotfridGerder,
Ernst Teodor Amadei Gofman, Fridrich-Vilgelm Bessel, German Gelmgoltz,
Frantz Neiman and many more. As sign of
respect many streets and the areas of Koenigsberg proudly named in favorem of these Titans.
Koenigsberg's scientists had been tightly connected with the Russian science.
In the university there have been Russian cultural workers: A.I. Gerzen, M.E Saltikov-Shedrin, V.V. Mayakovskiy and etc. Prussia and Russia had been establishing and improving their relations for centuries.
In 1697 Peter the 1st had visited Koenigsberg. His visit had become a first step towards establishing closer links between Russia and Prussia. Then it were Russian students who had started their courses at Albertina , and professors from Koenigsberg had participated in formation of St.Petersburg Science Academy. At Albertina Kirill Razumovskiy was studed ,next president of Academy and founder of Moscow University general-field-marshall A.V. Gudovich , general M.N. Milaradovich amd etc. Altogether in 18th century there were 100 Russian citizens studied at Koenigsberg University.